NM Tree Species

Cottonwood trees in New Mexico

Fremont Cottonwood

New Mexico Tree Species Information

Trees represent an extremely important part in preserving and enhancing our environment. Not only do they assist in reducing carbon produced by our automobiles and industries, they also improve our quality of life. Trees provide shade in our parks and homes, reduce and clean storm water run-off, stabilize soil, reduce dust in the air, reduce ground temperatures, reduce energy costs, and increase property values.

Tree New Mexico can help you pick the right tree for New Mexico’s desert ecology. Click on a link below to learn more about native and drought-tolerant trees for your home, business or property.

<>Recommended Tree Planting List (click here)


28 comments “NM Tree Species”

Is an Arizona Cypress banned from being planted in Albuquerque?  

A tree(?) with very large leaves sprouted in two places in my yard this year.  In the 25 years in the same house I have never seen one like this.  In one season the tree has reached the height of the roof.  There are now about 24 branches radiating out from the base now.  At the base of each leaf is a bud of some sort but the tree hasn’t produced any branches, flowers or fruit from them.
I’m wondering what it is, how high it will grow and how it got started without any apparent seeds.
I live outside of Albuquerque.
Thank you for any information.

Looking for low-maintenance trees/bushes that might grow well in KAFB Family Housing area.  The varieties must not have messy tree litter such as falling pods, fruit, etc.   Considering lilacs.  Any suggestions?  Fast-medium growing would be ideal.

Greetings! We lost a 12″ fruitless mulberry in the UNM area and would like to replace our old wonderful shade tree with one that is legal and provides shade immediately. The larger and quicker the growing cycle the better. The stump has dried out and is ready to be easily removed, and we are ready to replace the missing tree the sooner the better but are considered about frost and planting of a tree that won’t/didn’t make it, so we’ll probably need a little input for success, again the sooner the better, Thank-You! B. Tomlinson

My HOA poisoned a mature Cottonwood tree.  It provided shade for our home and well-being for me and neighbors.  Please let me know what the value of a gorgeous mature Cottonwood is in Albuquerque, NM.

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I need info for the mesquite tree/bush in eastern new mexico. Do you have any info on it? Or do you know where I can go to get info? I am really at my wits end on this. I never been accused of having a lot of wits anyway LOL. Just would like info on it if possible. Thanks BG

New Mexico has a variety of ecosystems.  
Which trees will do well at higher elevations — say Santa Fe and Taos — and which do better in the south — say Las Cruces or Socorro?

Yes it is banned in Albuquerque. Thanks Sue

The list appears to be missing many plants, including W. Soapberry.

And the link to the “Recommended Tree Planting List” appears to be a broken link.

Hi Kelley, thanks for visiting our site! We are currently in the process of updating it. Please keep the suggestions coming, and we will work diligently to try to incorporate them. Thanks, Betta

Hi Kelly, the tree list is an embedded excel file. I think it may have been saved it in too late of a version of excel. We have reposted it in an early version of excel. We tested it on an iphone and also had a friend test it on her computer, both seem to be working. Give it a try again, and let us know. thanks!

Hi, Thanks for visiting the Tree New Mexico website. One website that has some pretty good information is the Virginia Tech dendrology website. Try this link and see if it is helpful in answering some of your questions regarding the mesquite tree. http://dendro.cnre.vt.edu/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=540

My ranch is 8,500′ to 11,000′ in Mora County, between Mora and Angel Fire. I am interested in introducing more native hardwood trees at about the 9,000 to 9,500′ elevation. These would be species that would naturally thrive at this elevation and climate and grow into potential useful material for woodworking projects when they grew close to maturity. Although I may no longer be in the picture, perhaps my grandchildren would benefit from this foresight. I have a very large herd of elk that live on the ranch as well, so choosing species that they would not normally eat would also be a factor.

Is there a certain elevation level that Pion pines will not grow above or no longer found?

Hi Sheryl thanks for visiting the Tree New Mexico website. The pinon pine can grow up to 9000 ft in altitude in rare cases. It is happiest at around 7000 ft for its upper elevation however. Thanks, Sue

Thank you nice to hear this!

Hi Eve there is way to estimate value, but you will need a certified arborist to come out and take a look and measure. If you have any photos, please save them and share with the arborist. Sorry to hear about your tree :(. Thanks, Sue

Hi Jim, That is a really broad question. Please take a look at the trees on our website for starters. We will try to update our website to divide up our state and give some examples of what trees are best where. Thanks, Sue

Hi Bruce, Perhaps consider the Allee Elm, theFrontier Elm, or the Chinese Pistache as some fast growing shady trees. Thanks for visiting Tree New Mexico’s website! Sue

Hi Carissa, Vitex, Crepe Myrtle, and Butterfly Bush might be good to consider for starters. Thanks for visiting us on the TNM website! Sue

Hi Robert thanks for visiting the Tree New Mexico website, One option for you might be the Maple Box Elder. Thanks, Sue

Hi Allison, without a photo it is hard to say. It may be an Alanthus (Tree of Heaven)? If this is it, it is a weed tree and cutting it back will not kill it. In fact, cutting it back will cause it to grow more. Chemical application would be required. Thanks, Sue

Hi, was reading into the history of Los Alamos, NM. I understand there is a grove of cottonwood trees that grow near a spring at a higher elevation than normal. Do you know where this spring is located and the best time to visit when the leaves turn to a beautiful yellow color? Thanks!

Eva Hayes
In the DFW area, they have large plantings of cottonwood.  During the spring, they shed white ” puffs”.  They build up in small snow drift. If are you are allergic, like I ended up being,  it  can be horrible.  

We have that here too! Suzanne

I am sorry I don’t know of this area, but I sure would love to hear about it if you find it! I would recommend contacting the Los Alamos cooperative extension service. Thanks, Suzanne

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